A qualitative study of overweight and obese Australians' views.
Published in Appetite.
By Alison Cullen et al
The concept of “Food Addiction” is being increasingly used in the academic literature and popular media to explain overweight and obesity. However, there is limited evidence on how this term is understood by and impacts overweight and obese individuals. This qualitative study investigated the views of overweight and obese individuals on Food Addiction, and its likely impact upon stigma, treatment-seeking, and support for different policies to reduce overeating. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 23 overweight and obese individuals (median age = 38, median body mass index = 33, 74% Female) and analysed thematically.
The term Food Addiction was consistent with many participants’ personal experiences, and was accompanied by high perceptions of control and personal responsibility. Some participants preferred “Sugar” or “Fat” addiction. Others were reluctant to be described as an “addict” owing to perceived negative connotations and the belief that it would increase self-stigma. Food Addiction was seen as a motivator for seeking psychological services, but not pharmaceutical or surgical treatments. Participants supported public health policies to counter obesity (e.g., taxes, regulations for junk food container sizes) but did not believe it would affect their own purchasing or consumption behaviours. Education for interpreting food labels and reducing the costs of healthy foods were endorsed, leading to positive changes in food-related behaviours. This research suggests discretionary use of the Food Addiction label in a supportive and educational manner to minimise stigma while encouraging treatment-seeking.
Cullen, A. J., Barnett, A., Komesaroff, P. A., Brown, W., O'Brien, K. S., Hall, W., Carter, A. (2017). A qualitative study of overweight and obese Australians' views of food addiction. Appetite, 115, 62-70.
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